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23.3% Of Michigan Government Workers Are Minorities


23.3% Of Michigan Government Workers Are Minorities

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Since its inception, the United States has been a majority White country, but it is increasingly becoming more ethnically and racially diverse. In fact, the White population is projected to lose its majority status by 2045. However, increased population diversity has not carried over into the government workforce: minority groups remain vastly underrepresented among government jobs. While the U.S. is often thought of as a melting pot, the reality is that minority groups continue to face significant barriers to accessing and advancing in government positions.
Non-White Americans make up nearly 40% of the population, but account for just 36.5% of government workers. While Black Americans are slightly overrepresented in government, other minority groups—particularly Hispanics—are significantly underrepresented. Hispanics make up 18.2% of the total population but only 13.2% of government workers.
The diversity gap—defined as the percentage point difference between the share of minority workers in the overall population and in the government—differs by level of government. In fact, minority government workers are slightly overrepresented in the federal government, where minorities make up 41.3% of workers. At the local level, however, minority government workers account for just 33.9% of the workforce, meaning the diversity gap is six percentage points. At the state level, the government workforce is also less diverse, with a diversity gap of five percentage points.
While minority representation in government jobs varies by race, ethnicity, and level of government, location is one of the most significant factors. The Southwest as well as parts of the Southeast and Northeast have the largest percentage of non-White government workers. The states with the greatest representation of minorities in government jobs are Hawaii and New Mexico, with 70.2% and 59.8% of government workers being non-White, respectively. On the other hand, the states with the least diverse government workforces are Maine, New Hampshire, and West Virginia, with only 6.2%, 7.7%, and 7.7% of government workers being non-White, respectively.
To determine the states with the most minorities in government, researchers at analyzed the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau. The researchers ranked states according to the percentage of government workers that are non-White. Researchers also calculated the percentage of residents that are non-White, the government diversity gap—calculated as the difference in the percentage of government workers that are non-White and the percentage of residents that are non-White, the total number of non-White government workers, and the total number of non-White residents.
The analysis found that 23.3% of government workers in Michigan are non-White, compared to 36.5% nationally

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